Strike at Air France Saturday: most insured, delays to flights.

Air France customers have a chance to go on vacation Saturday. Despite the call for the strike by several unions of personnel on the ground for this day of ownership changes holidaymakers, the company plans to ensure most flights despite delays.  "Air France plans to ensure all of its long-haul flights, almost all of its short and medium-haul flights, but delays are to be expected on this day," says so the company Thursday evening in a statement. "Hundreds of employees of Air France volunteers are mobilized reinforcements", assures the company that said he regretted "this situation and the inconvenience that it might cause to its customers".   Personnel on the ground (ground handling agents, track,.) are called upon to strike from 01:00 to midnight at Orly and Roissy-Charles-de-Gaulle, and regional airports, to protest against the deterioration of the working conditions, by the CGT, first Union all categories of company and South-air, as well as the Unsa.  FO also filed a notice of strike on the same day, but at Roissy, the CFE – CGC calling also only strike in the commercial branch. The movement occurs while one million passengers are expected throughout the weekend (Friday to Sunday) in the airports of Roissy and Orly, including 215. 000 to Roissy for the single day on Saturday. It is one of the most loaded weekends of the year for the Paris airports. . Additional info can be inspected reading site.

Djibouti, the Predator tricolori in base-that-don’t-exist.

Self-quotations are always unpleasant, as are the "I told you": betray an unbearable urge to small oracles grow. But this time I touch, and bon ton chissene of blogger. I wrote just a year ago, on July 3, 2013: "a short shoulder strap may be directly communicating with the base flight track, thus making homegrown aircraft operations anticipated Predator or Reaper drones". The title of the post was the Empire strikes back: the Italian base in Djibouti where svelavo we were secretly building a military base in that part of Africa. The inevitable confirmation of that prediction comes too easy now: according to Italian defense magazine, aerei italiani Predator to remote control have been deployed in Djibouti. Officially the Predator will operate in favour of certain infrastructural development projects as part of a joint initiative of the European Union and Igad (the Intergovernmental Authority on Development). But you know, the official news, especially those who come from the Italian military, stink even before the fateful three days which are usually the grace period reserved for guests. And therefore not surprised if you soon discover that the Predator also using them in "humanitarian military operations" and "support for peace." On the other hand, the Italy did not have to wait the 1996 because a Defense Minister and former Chief of staff, Domenico Esposito Corcione, finally admits that between 1935 and 1936 Italian armed forces gasarono the Ethiopians with mustard gas and phosgene, but only after the historian Angelo Del Boca and others had demonstrated by conclusive documents atrocities committed by Italian soldiers in Ethiopia (there are those who still calls her Abyssiniamakes a lot of nostalgia dear lei). Agree, I don’t think we’ll see much gas soon. But, when public opinion was pasciuta of candy and notebooks distributed to kindergartens Afghans by Italian soldiers of peace, one has to wait around. That, on the other hand, we were close to the complete operation of the gibutina it was realized a few days ago when, on the site of the air force, had appeared in the news of a new Commander of the so-called national military Base of support. Sure, a nice step forward: suddenly, the base-that-don’t-there is not only a name but also a commander. On top of that, air force Colonel Giuseppe Finocchiaro (the previous, Stefano Abdullah, actually commanded the Department of the genius that was building). The first Commander was the "actual" Am I had, I must say, suspicious. Having regard to the jealousies between staffs, a base that would allegedly (a nice gobbledygook us every now and then) to support maritime security cores under a pilot I smelled somewhat. Maddai, I told myself, it’s just a coincidence, is a joint base, it was the turn of the air force. Wrong: think the worst is not only necessary, but sometimes need to understand what’s really going on. Obviously, if we have made a Colonel in the Am is because they were to get the Predator. And the Predator, so apparently, I’m really there. However, it is strange: of this alleged "civil" Mission of the Predator does not have any official news. Even in the second half of the missions Decree 2014 (announced on July 23 by the beautiful Renzi, but never published nor sent to room) are clues whatsoever. Yet for the Horn of Africa and outbuildings will allocate over 17 million and, for the first time, it elaborates to explain how it will work the basis of Djibouti. In the draft circulating among government offices said that the base can accommodate 300 people, including 63 permanent. Others who will be 240? ‘ Nunsacce. An idea, to be honest, I would have. In September last year the Americans working in the Camp Lemonnier (adjacent to the Italian one) had to transfer the operations of their unmanned aircraft, identical to those Italians, for a series of incidents that have caused big problems to the civil air traffic. In recent months there had been furious controversy to security risks that the u.s. involved unmanned aircraft. On the other hand, Italians know very well (Cermis docet). And isn’t that a Wyoming pilot works necessarily better among the sands of the desert rather than in the mountains of Trentino. Indeed. Some Italian aircraft officially on a mission of peace hidden also can be done quite a bit of war missions. And, you know, in the palaces of Rome there is a lot of people who would do anything to do a favor to the Americans, including the F-35. . Original source may be read visiting the following fact.

Milan-trade unions and Eni have agreed on Gela refinery during the table convened today at the Ministry after that yesterday negotiations were broken. The trade union sources are listed on the day in which the six-legged dog released economic data on the first half of the year. After the protests of recent days, therefore, the company and workers ‘ representatives were frequent starting. The memorandum of understanding signed today removes the foundations of the clash between the company and trade unions: in the minutes it says that the parties recognize the validity of the agreements signed in 2013 and in 2014 in relation to sites of Gela and Porto Marghera and the company is committed to start the process of maintenance and should ensure the preservation and the restoration of the operational efficiency of the line 1even through the involvement of suppliers. The parties agree to begin a new discussion on the policy of the group to reach a new agreement on the industrial perspective of Eni. The next meeting will have to be taken within the next 15 September, at the Ministry of economic development. Satisfaction on the part of national secretariats Vidya Filctem Cgil, Cisl and Uil, sepressa Uiltec in a joint note. Today-we read in the press release-is filmed compared to Eni pertaining to situations of Gela and of Porto Marghera, promoted by the economic development Minister, Federica Guidi, after the breakdown of talks last night. The parties have shared a meeting report that committed the company to restart preliminary operations to restart the line 1 of the Gela refinery, including through the involvement of suppliers, implementation of investments related to the second phase of the project of conversion of Green Refinery at Porto Marghera in respect and in accordance with agreements signed in July 2013 and 2014 in February. Eni/Versalis and territorial unions also turns together to assess the issues related to the Hague of CTE at Porto Marghera, which prevent a restart of cracking, to find solutions to overcome the problems. In both sites will be carried out a series of maintenance work for the restoration of the operational efficiency of works-explained the Secretary General of the Chemical, Luigi Ulgiati Ugl, and the National Secretary Ugl energy: chemical, Michele-Oolizzi. Gela, in particular, the work will affect the line 1, engaged in refining activity. Eni has also confirmed its investment in the second phase of the project of conversion of green refinery of Porto Marghera, reaffirming the strategic petrochemical Versalis. He echoed the Minister’s satisfaction Drive: I am very satisfied with the important results achieved, said the owner of the economic development. Guidi explained that thanks to the agreement signed today is possible to restart a comparison between the parties required for the operation of sites relevant to the territory, with the safeguarding of employment levels. . For extra data on this topic check http://simyo.lefteyelegacy.com.

Enel increases profits in half and reorganize Spain and South America.

Net result in slight increase to Enel in the first half: the net result is 1. 685 million euros (1.680 million in the first half of 2013), an increase of 0.3%. Ordinary net profit of the Group stood at 1. 572 million euros (1.652 million were in the first half of 2013), a decrease of 4.8%. Fall of 8.1% to revenues also 36. 101 million euros (39.287 million in the first half of 2013). Ebitda is 7. 878 million euros (143.8 million in 2013, 1:0-3.3 per cent). Ebit at 5. 011 million euros (5.093 million in 2013, -1.6 1:0). Net financial indebtedness is 43. 073 million euros (39.706 million at December 31, 2013, +8.5). In detail, it reads the note of Enel, revenues of the business Market Area at 7. 848 million ( -9.9%), those of the Generation and Energy Management business at 10.278 million ( -15.1%), those of infrastructure and networks Division to 3.720 million ( -1.7%), those of Iberia and Latin America Division to 14.373 million ( -7.4%), those of the International Division at 2.622 million ( -15.5%) and those of the renewable energy Division to 1.365 million euros ( -7.2). Adjusted Ebitda (EBITDA) for the first half of 2014 is equal to 7. 878 million and a decrease of 265 million ( -3.3%) compared to the first half of 2013. In particular, Enel, emphasizes the above proceeds from disposal and re-measurement at fair value and the margin improved from activities carried out in Italy were more than offset by the decrease of results of Iberia and Latin America divisions and renewable energies, which were affected by the negative effects arising from some regulatory changes in Spain particularly penalizing for generation companies from both conventional and renewable source, and the negative effect of the appreciation of the euro against currencies of the countries where the Group operates. Ebit (operating profit) in the first half of 2014 amounts to 5. 011 million euro, a decrease of 82 million euros ( -1.6%) compared to the same period of 2013, given less depreciation and impairment losses for 183 million euros. Investment in the first half amounted to 2014 2. 485 million euros, an increase of 142 million euros over the same period in 2013, particularly focused abroad and in renewable technologies. The Board has examined and approved in late yesterday afternoon the draft restructuring of the Group’s activities in Iberia and Latin America, and the new group organisational structure designed by Starace. The main objectives pursued by the proposed reorganization of the activities of Enel Group in Iberia and Latin America-still reads in the note are to simplify the chain of control and align the corporate structure the new organization of the group, creating conditions for an optimization of financial flows of the same Group, refocus Endesa as the leader in the Iberian energy marketsthrough a new industrial plan focused on the development of existing business platforms and innovation energy and promote model to create value for the shareholders of Endesa, even through an optimization of the capital structure of the company and to adopt a policy of stable dividends and defined. As for the new organisational structure of the group, prepared by the Chief Executive Officer, relies on an array of divisions/Geographies and is focused on industrial objectives of the group, with a clear definition of roles and responsibilities. The purpose, reads the note, is to pursue and maintain technological leadership in the sectors in which the Group operates, ensuring operational excellence and maximize the level of service to customers in local markets. The new organizational structure of the Enel Group is divided into five divisions, which is entrusted with the duty to manage and develop the assets, optimizing performance and return on investment, in the various geographical areas by the presence in the group. The divisions are subdivided into: infrastructure and Global Networks, Global Generation, Global Trading, renewable energies, and Upstream Gas. . For additional facts about this subject click url.

Argentina, taken bankruptcy.

The Argentina is in default, for the second time in 13 years. No deal with hedge funds has been achieved and the deadline date for the payment of bond holders who accepted the Exchange passed without having been carried out.   Set aside for the moment the hope of an agreement between the argentine banks and hedge funds: the proposal of lenders to buy the bonds and repay all the funds did not go to fruition. The talks of the banks were held in parallel to those between Buenos Aires and the funds, and they would shut down shortly after with Sebastian ball, the head of investment banking of Banco Macro, return to Argentina without other appointments scheduled. That the negotiations would not be easy between hedge funds and Argentina has figured out now but the arrival in New York of the Minister of economy, Axel Kicillof, did hope. Announcing that there was an agreement, Kicillof reiterated that we cannot talk about default because default means no pay. Kicillof attacks the rating agencies, which are defined as ‘ not credible ‘. & Standard Poor’s already before the rupture of negotiations has cut its assessment on Buenos Aires to "selective default" from "CCC-".   Kicillof reassures the Argentines: «you are calm, tomorrow is another day and the world continues to turn. Life goes on even without an agreement on the debt. " Buenos Aires-Kicillof explains-«cannot abide the judgment of americana: "hedge funds" have tried to impose on us anything illegal "," rejected our proposal. " Kicillof attacks hedge funds: "want more and want it right away, we cannot sign agreements under extortion." To clarify things while Kicillof explained the position of Buenos Aires Press Conference was Daniel Pollack, the Ombudsman asked to facilitate an agreement between Buenos Aires and hedge funds, with a dry statement. "No agreement was reached and Argentina’s default is imminent." "Default is not a mere technical condition-Pollack-highlights, is a real and painful event that will have an impact on the normal people: Argentine citizens, bond holders who joined the share exchange (you will not receive interest payments) and hedge funds (which will not receive the payment that the Court had guaranteed). The consequences of default are not predictable but certainly are not positive. "   . For extended regarding this topic click info.

Mohammed VI, 15 years at the head of the Morocco, royal consensus and a few dissents.

Three years after the adoption of a new Constitution, inspired more lib General pr c dente, and at the end of two and a half years of cohabitation with a head of Islamist Government, it is clear that the Moroccan political field has returned to relative normalit. The Kingdom certainly feels the cho more or less close to the terrorist threat posed by the Islamic State on its territory: mid-July, the intelligence services have hauss their level of vigilance and went on orange alert, strengthening earlier including the seat in many public places. Apart from this alert terrorist including the Morocco is customary now (two res bruised attacks in fifteen years of r gne in 2003 Casablanca and Marrakech in 2011), the political climate is fixed for the alaouite sovereign that pr side les conseils councils of Ministers, criss-crossed the country, launches of many projects and projects, and seems to touch by any form of challenge. The approach of its quinzi me f you of tr no, c l e br July 30, most of the m dias national but also international salute m me clairvoyance of Mohammed VI and insist on the relatively enviable situation of the Kingdom. For Abdellah Turabi, Director of the magazine TelQuel: urban middle class is currently the main support of the tr ne, as the peasantry it was during the ann es 1960 and 1970. In this context, the legitimacy of the monarchy has chang also because it matches a new alit r and a new social deal. It is pr sente d now as economic and managerial, and no longer based on the weight of tradition and history. But consensus has its tractors. And in Morocco, they are s release the margin. All a g n ration of its journalists is thus more or less e exile, sentenced e publish abroad another version of these fifteen ann es r gne. The books of Ali Amar, Catherine Graciet, Omar Brouksy follow and are similar in one respect: their assessment very critical of the evolution of the Kingdom. Other skeptical commentators have s lanc in the adventure of the press in line after seeing the wrath of censorship befall their paper publications. This is the case of Ahmed Benchemsi, Ali Lmrabet, Aboubakr Jama or Ali Anouzla. � . Root source could be studied visiting the following http://simyo.lefteyelegacy.com.

No, the Elysee does not fund Hamas.

It won’t (yet) until d sinformation campaign talk, but the words circulate with some emphasis on the social networks r. The announcement by Fran ois Hollande week last re and e confirm this Monday in a communiqu, d block of exceptional humanitarian assistance from EUR 11 million to Gaza, resulted in sharp r shares. This is the case including the right of the right and in the pro-isra links activists who salute in heart the France help the reconstruction,. of Hamas tunnels. While the op rations protective edge continues in the Gaza Strip, the Express d m ler attempts the true from the false in the war of words raging online. The authority Palestinian e install Ramallah in the West Bank is the main b n recipient of these grants. This emergency assistance is part of an ongoing commitment of France to the c t s the authority Palestinian, emphasizes the Elys e (which is not r answered our requests for the moment). However his pr Chairman Mahmoud Abbas is a member of Fatah and not of Hamas that if it took power in the Gaza Strip in 2006, nourishes a strong antagonism-screws – screws of the training policy. � . You should click the following http://simyo.lefteyelegacy.com to read extra on this interesting subject.

The CSA wipes a flock of green wood after its decision on LCI.

The decision of the CSA does not allow LCI to become free on TNT moved Wednesday on the political terrain, opposition denouncing a partisan choice while Culture Minister instead stressed the independence of the regulatory body. Several voices to the UMP thus amounted to criticize a political decision, recalling that the president of the CSA, Olivier Schrameck, was Chief of staff of former Socialist Prime Minister Lionel Jospin. No one can call into question the eminent skills of the president that Mr. Hollande has chosen for the CSA,. nor its proximity, on the other hand, with the left and the Socialist Party!, quipped Sébastien Huyghe, MP UMP from the North. LCI killing is a political decision?, asked Mr. Huyghe, like regional councillor UMP of île-de-France, Danièle Giazzi: who can prevent this morning qu? there arises the question of political and partisan of the decision yesterday by the CSA for LCI?, she launched. We have the conviction of committing error of fact, error of law or error of assessment, defended himself the president of the CSA Olivier Schrameck on France Info. We are not here to undermine the whole of the audiovisual sector, assured the president of the regulatory authority for the media, calling his greeting the survival of the chain, threatened with closure. The decision of the CSA also sparked swirls on the left. LCI does not deserve the death penalty, said Jean-Christophe Cambadélis, first Secretary of the PS. It is true that it poses a concern. I understand Eric Revel (LCI boss, Editor’s note) which indicates that it is a body (the CSA) who decides the life or death of a string that is a private channel, he said, while rejecting the idea of a political decision. -Heavy responsibility – as soon as the CSA, the CEO of TF1 Nonce Paolini had accused the watchdog of media permanently endangering the future of LCI, reaffirming its intention to close the chain which employs 247 employees on 31 December. LCI, TF1 had decided voluntarily to leave mode paying ten years ago, has always been deficit of a few million euros per year. Pioneer of the info continuously at its launch 20 years ago, it has since become confidential, with an audience limited to 13. 000 viewers on average. Culture Minister Aurélie Filippetti mounted niche Wednesday to defend the media regulatory body and emphasize the need for the Government to respect the decision taken independently by the CSA. According to Ms. Filippetti, François Holland recalled the crucial importance it attaches to respect the independence of all the independent administrative authorities, and in particular the CSA at the Council of Ministers. Constable audiovisual has end of 2013 new powers that allow him to allow pay-TV to switch to digital television terrestrial (DTT) free. Today we have to respect the decision taken independently by the CSA, stressed the Minister. Trade unions of the TF1 Group also blasted the decision of the CSA which bears heavy responsibility for the consequences social catastrophic qu? it will trigger for LCI employees. According to trade unions, this decision signed the death sentence for LCI, with 250 employees, n? will not have the means to survive with only the pay distribution resource. . Related information can be found checking http://simyo.lefteyelegacy.com.

VIDEO. Beginning of fight between Orlando Bloom and Justin Bieber in Ibiza, after an insult of the singer.

MIAMI BEACH, FL – MARCH 04: In this handout photo provided by the Miami Beach Police Department and released on March 4, 2014, singer Justin Bieber displays his tattoos for police documentation while in custody on January 23, 2014 in Miami Beach, Florida. Justin Bieber was arrested for driving under the influence, resisting arrest and driving without a valid driver’s license. (Photo by Miami Beach Police Department via Getty Images) MIAMI BEACH, FL – MARCH 04: In this handout photo provided by the Miami Beach Police Department and released on March 4, 2014, singer Justin Bieber displays his tattoos for police documentation while in custody on January 23, 2014 in Miami Beach, Florida. Justin Bieber was arrested for driving under the influence, resisting arrest and driving without a valid driver’s license. (Photo by Miami Beach Police Department via Getty Images) MIAMI BEACH, FL – MARCH 04: In this handout photo provided by the Miami Beach Police Department and released on March 4, 2014, singer Justin Bieber displays his tattoos for police documentation while in custody on January 23, 2014 in Miami Beach, Florida. Justin Bieber was arrested for driving under the influence, resisting arrest and driving without a valid driver’s license. (Photo by Miami Beach Police Department via Getty Images) MIAMI BEACH, FL – MARCH 04: In this handout photo provided by the Miami Beach Police Department and released on March 4, 2014, singer Justin Bieber displays his tattoos for police documentation while in custody on January 23, 2014 in Miami Beach, Florida. Justin Bieber was arrested for driving under the influence, resisting arrest and driving without a valid driver’s license. (Photo by Miami Beach Police Department via Getty Images) MIAMI BEACH, FL – MARCH 04: In this handout photo provided by the Miami Beach Police Department and released on March 4, 2014, singer Justin Bieber displays his tattoos for police documentation while in custody on January 23, 2014 in Miami Beach, Florida. Justin Bieber was arrested for driving under the influence, resisting arrest and driving without a valid driver’s license. (Photo by Miami Beach Police Department via Getty Images) MIAMI BEACH, FL – MARCH 04: In this handout photo provided by the Miami Beach Police Department and released on March 4, 2014, singer Justin Bieber displays his tattoos for police documentation while in custody on January 23, 2014 in Miami Beach, Florida. Justin Bieber was arrested for driving under the influence, resisting arrest and driving without a valid driver’s license. (Photo by Miami Beach Police Department via Getty Images) MIAMI BEACH, FL – MARCH 04: In this handout photo provided by the Miami Beach Police Department and released on March 4, 2014, singer Justin Bieber displays his tattoos for police documentation while in custody on January 23, 2014 in Miami Beach, Florida. Justin Bieber was arrested for driving under the influence, resisting arrest and driving without a valid driver’s license. (Photo by Miami Beach Police Department via Getty Images) MIAMI BEACH, FL – MARCH 04: In this handout photo provided by the Miami Beach Police Department and released on March 4, 2014, singer Justin Bieber displays his tattoos for police documentation while in custody on January 23, 2014 in Miami Beach, Florida. Justin Bieber was arrested for driving under the influence, resisting arrest and driving without a valid driver’s license. (Photo by Miami Beach Police Department via Getty Images) MIAMI BEACH, FL – MARCH 04: In this handout photo provided by the Miami Beach Police Department and released on March 4, 2014, singer Justin Bieber displays his tattoos for police documentation while in custody on January 23, 2014 in Miami Beach, Florida. Justin Bieber was arrested for driving under the influence, resisting arrest and driving without a valid driver’s license. (Photo by Miami Beach Police Department via Getty Images) MIAMI BEACH, FL – MARCH 04: In this handout photo provided by the Miami Beach Police Department and released on March 4, 2014, singer Justin Bieber displays his tattoos for police documentation while in custody on January 23, 2014 in Miami Beach, Florida. Justin Bieber was arrested for driving under the influence, resisting arrest and driving without a valid driver’s license. (Photo by Miami Beach Police Department via Getty Images) MIAMI BEACH, FL – MARCH 04: In this handout photo provided by the Miami Beach Police Department and released on March 4, 2014, singer Justin Bieber is photographed by police while in custody on January 23, 2014 in Miami Beach, Florida. Justin Bieber was arrested for driving under the influence, resisting arrest and driving without a valid driver’s license. (Photo by Miami Beach Police Department via Getty Images) MIAMI BEACH, FL – MARCH 04: In this handout photo provided by the Miami Beach Police Department and released on March 4, 2014, singer Justin Bieber is photographed by police while in custody on January 23, 2014 in Miami Beach, Florida. Justin Bieber was arrested for driving under the influence, resisting arrest and driving without a valid driver’s license. (Photo by Miami Beach Police Department via Getty Images). Similar information can be found reading http://simyo.lefteyelegacy.com.

Uphill road to the Junta Convened reform Regulation.

The consequences will tear the Democratic Party, unilaterally, he practiced through the voice of Undersecretary lots. He said the leader of Sel, Nichi Vendola, speaking with reporters in Bari. We want to understand exactly, he added, if the Pd chose a strategic alliance and long term with the right. This of course-he concluded-would change everything. We would also be very badly affected but the consequences. It’s been suspended, after the convening of the Committee on the rules of procedure, the Plenary session on the reforms, which will predictably to 11. 30, announces Pietro Grasso. In the first half-hour of sitting have spoken several senators to ask the President of the Senate on the explanations of classroom jobs. The dem Massimo Mucchetti and Paolo Corsini, but also the exponent of PI Mario Mauro have expressly requested clarification about the use of ‘ kangaroo ‘ to a delicate matters such as constitutional. The ‘ kangaroo ‘ is a technique used for the thinning of the amendments, which it considers to be outdated amendments similar to those already voted and so ‘ jump ‘ to subsequent operations. Yesterday afternoon Fat has applied this mechanism to the amendments to article 1 of the constitutional Bill and his decision did decay 1. 400 amendments to the text. The opposition protested and demanded that the ruling junta is subject to regulation, convened this morning by the President of the Senate. The night session had ended with the vote and the rejection of only 5 amendments, because of the filibuster. Sel but Renzi barricades attacks: scenes of who’s afraid of losing his seat. Expected in the House tonight the vote of confidence on dl of public administration reform. At the end of the session on reforms last night was even touched the brawl between the Pd’s and Senators of the M5s in the corridors and in the halls of the Senate. The contenders were however separated from other colleagues and ushers. During the session there were severe tensions for the interventions of the Senators of the M5s against the Pd, so much so that the group leader Luigi Zanda had protested the President Pietro Grasso: this session is served only to insult. The exit was targeted by Senators grillini especially the Under Secretary Luciano Pizzetti reforms, already the subject of verbal attacks in the courtroom. In his defense were some senators of the Democratic Party and was born a verbal confrontation, which lasted in the sala Mazzini and Garibaldi, in front of the classroom. The tone of both sides are gradually increased and when Senators of the two sides came closer physically, through the Hall of busts, he touched the brawl, prevented by the intervention of other members of the two parties themselves and certain salespersons who are placed. . Additional text can be read reading reference.